SAMAP F100 MILL
1. Power cord
2. Overload safety switch
3. On/Off switch
4. Locking nut
5. Red markers showing setting for fine flour
6. Hopper lid
8. Air filter (dust bag)
9. Flour selector
10. Flour collecting sack or jar
11. Mill chamber that houses the lower millstone
12. Adjustable upper millstone
13. Nuts to fix the flour selector
14. Adjustable feed inlet control knob
1. Unpack the mill.
2. Place on a clean flat surface (not on a cloth or carpet). Unscrew the two bolts (ref. 13). Fit the flour selector (Ref. 9) on the body of the mill (Ref. 11) with the bolts. Put the dust bag (Ref. 8) on the top of the flour selector and stretch the bag to be extended upright.
3. Set the adjustable Feed Inlet Control Knob (Ref. 14) to suit your desired grains. Maize = total opening, Wheat = ½ opening
4. Place the feed hopper (Ref. 7) on top of the upper millstone (Ref. 12) and put the glass jar or collection bag on the bottom of the flour selector. The best way to put the collection bag in place is by slipping the bag inside the rubber band and then putting them both on the selector at the same time.
5. Make sure the starter switch (Ref. 3) is in the OFF position (0).
6. Plug the mill into the power socket.
7. Put the starter switch (Ref. 3) into the ON position for a trial run without grain.
8. If the motor does not run, press the overload safety button (Ref. 2) then try again.
9. Stop the mill with the ON/OFF switch (Ref. 3).
Wet grain is your mills number one enemy.
It is absolutely necessary to use only dry grains. Damp grains will soil the millstones and cause the motor to stop and the overload safety button (Ref. 2) to cut out the Mill. Your cereals should be stored in a warm dry place, in a cloth bag or jute sack. They should never be stored outside or anywhere damp, because they will soak up the humidity in the air.
If your grains are damp, store them in a warm dry place for 2 or 3 weeks before use. Small quantities can be laid out on flat trays to dry quickly (4 to 8 days). When drying, do not heat the grains any more than 60oC.
1. The adjustable feed inlet control knob (Ref. 14) allows you to regulate the output of grains and obtain the gr/minute milling required.
- For milling of larger grains such as maize, beans, etc (only possible with a F100), unscrew the knob (Ref. 14) to completely open the inlet.
- For milling of medium grains such as wheat, oat, buckwheat, barley, etc, screw the knob (Ref. 14) in to have ¾ of the opening for the F100 and ¼ of the opening for the F50.
- For milling small grains such as bird seed, slightly close the opening a little further.
Be cautious with these adjustments. If the mill is feeding through too much grain at once it could cause the mill to overheat. After long periods of running, place your hand on the body (Ref. 11) and check if it feels hot. The motor runs at approximately 50 – 60oC, however, the body of the mill should never get any hotter than 35 – 40oC depending on the room temperature and the milling adjustments.
2. Start the mill with the ON/OFF switch (Ref. 3).
3. Lift the lid (Ref. 6) for the feed hopper (Ref. 7).
4. Pour some dry grain into the hopper and check if the mill is grinding as it should be. If satisfied, continue to pour dry grain into the hopper (Ref. 7) until you reach your required quantity. You should always replace the lid for the hopper after pouring the grain in while the mill is running. If you need to stop the mill while there is grain in the hopper it will not cause any damage, however, if the mill stops by itself please refer to the difficulties section.
CONTROLLING THE FINENESS OF FLOUR
The mill is delivered adjusted for the finest flour. The two red triangles (Ref. 5) should be lined up as a guide, however, after a certain time of wear on the millstones this position may vary. To adjust for different fineness of flour you increase or decrease the distance between the upper millstone (Ref. 12) and the bottom stone housed in the body of the mill (Ref. 11).
a) Switch on the mill and turn the adjustable feed inlet control knob (Ref. 14) clockwise until the inlet opening is completely closed.
b) Firmly hold the upper millstone in order to prevent it from turning and then unscrew (anti-clockwise) the locking nut (Ref. 4). This nut is used for fixing the upper millstone in place.
c) Slowly turn the upper millstone (Ref. 12) clockwise until you hear a grinding noise and stop. This means the two stones are touching. If you turn the stones too closely together it will block them and cause the motor to stop. Firmly tighten the locking nut (Ref. 4) to lock the upper millstone (Ref. 12) in place.
For extra fine flour:
With the mill running:
- Adjust the upper millstone as above-mentioned and have the inlet opening no more than ½ open.
- Run the mill and feed in dry grains into the feed hopper.
- Firmly hold the upper millstone (Ref. 12) and unscrew the locking nut.
- Slowly turn the upper millstone (Ref. 12) clockwise during milling and set the two millstones so that they are just touching. It is important not to let go of the upper millstone. As soon as you hear the grinding noise, lock the upper millstone into the required position by tightening the locking nut.
To prevent unnecessary wear of the stones, turn the mill off as soon as all of the grains have passed through.
For coarse grinding:
The further apart the stones, the coarser the flour obtained.
Ensure that the lid is always placed on the hopper to avoid flour from spurting up through the opening and mixing with the grain.
1. IF THE MILL DOES NOT START. CHECK IF
- The Power Cord (Ref. 1) is properly in the socket and that the safety button (Ref. 2) is pressed in. If not, push the safety button in applying pressure with a tool if necessary.
- The starter switch is in the On position.
- The main socket is on and working. If in doubt, try another appliance in the socket to test it.
2. IF THE MILL STOPS WHILE IN USE
a) The safety button (Ref. 2) will probably have sprung out. Close the inlet opening control knob (Ref. 14) and run on coarse milling. Wait for about a minute for the thermal relay to cool down, then reset the safety button and the motor should start again. Partially open the inlet opening control knob (Ref. 14) and the mill should start milling again. This difficulty is generally due to damp grains and/or the inlet opening being too wide.
b) If the mill does not start again, or stops after you have reset the safety button (Ref. 2), (even after several trials) the millstones have been soiled by damp grains and will need to be unclogged as outlined below.
c) You should also check that the flour selector (Ref. 9) is not blocked.
3. HOW TO UNCLOG THE MILLSTONES WITHOUT TAKING THE MILL APART
a) Put the starter switch (Ref. 3) in the OFF position.
b) Turn the inlet control knob (Ref. 14) to be completely closed.
c) Unscrew the locking nut (Ref. 4).
d) Unscrew the upper millstone approximately half a turn.
e) Tighten the locking nut (Ref. 4).
f) Check that the safety button (Ref. 2) is pressed in.
g) Turn the starter switch. (Ref 3) ON to start the motor.
h) Feed in approximately 200g of very dry grains. This will hit up against the clogged millstones and should remove the paste.
4. MANUALLY CLEANING YOUR MILLSTONES
a) Turn the starter switch into the OFF position and unplug the mill.
b) Empty the hopper off all grains.
c) Undo the Locking nut (Ref. 4).
d) Completely unscrew the upper millstone (Ref. 12) taking care not to damage the screwing thread. Never use a hammer, graver or other sharp tools when unscrewing the millstones.
e) Clean out the hollows of the millstones with a small screwdriver or pointed knife. It is important to NEVER WASH the millstones with water, however, if they accidentally get wet, leave them apart in a warm dry place for 3 days or until dry.
- Clean the thread on both upper casting and lower housing with a soft brush (an old toothbrush is ideal) and blow out any remaining dust.
- Apply a thin film of oil (mineral oil, liquid paraffin, or sewing-machine oil) to both threads on the upper millstone (Ref. 12) and the mill chamber (Ref. 11) with a soft cloth.
f) Screw on the upper millstone taking care not to damage the threads and put the hopper (Ref. 7) back on.
g) Fix the upper millstone in your required milling position and screw in the locking nut.
MAINTENANCE OF THE MILL
- Never plug in the socket without setting the starter switch in the OFF position.
- Never run the machine in any position other than vertical.
- Never run the mill without a collection bag or a glass jar attached to the selector (Ref. 9) or flour will shoot half way across the room.
- Always ensure the lid is on the hopper whilst grinding.
- Never use grain that is damp or any oily seeds such as linseed.
- Never run the mill without the locking nut tightened (Ref. 4).
- We recommend you never put a metal tool or your fingers in the inlet opening, however, if such an operation is needed, it should be done when the mill is switched off and the upper millstone is unscrewed.
- Never wash the millstones with water, however, if they accidentally get wet leave them apart somewhere warm for approximately 3 days or until dry.
- Never change the coarseness of the mill during grinding unless following the instructions for “Extra Fine Flour”.
- Always unplug the mill before any intervention.
WEAR OF MILLSTONES
Samap millstones are made of natural components. The working part of the mill is Corundum which is an abrasive. This extremely hard emery granule is a natural occurring stone found in Naxos in the Greek Islands. The binding agent consists of a stabilised magnesite cement made upon terrestrial and nautical magnesite. Only natural stones are used and no other components such as resin or glue are present.
Milling fine flour is easier on your stones than if milling coarse. This is because the less room that the grain gets to flick around between the stones, the less wear it will cause.
In order to preserve the fineness and the life of your millstones, it is important to reface your stones as soon as you find the flour is becoming a little too coarse. Don’t hesitate to do this regularly as it will help lengthen the life expectancy of your millstones.
REFACING YOUR STONES
a) Switch on the mill and turn the adjustable feed inlet control knob (Ref. 14) clockwise until the inlet opening is completely closed.
b) Firmly hold the upper millstone in order to prevent it from turning and then unscrew (anti-clockwise) the locking nut (Ref. 4).
c) Slowly turn the upper millstone (Ref. 12) clockwise until you hear a grinding noise as if the stones are touching and gently turn in a little further, then reverse.
d) Repeat this action 2 to 3 times then set your mill in your desired milling position.
If you find that your stones are no longer grinding well and refacing the stones is not helping, replaceable stones are available and can be fitted for you.
HAND MILL DIAGRAM
1. Fixed millstone
2. Rotating millstone
4. Locking nut
5. Pressure adjustment washer
6. Adjustable feed inlet control knob
7. Fixing clamp
1. Take the mill out of the packaging with care. Then fix the fixing clamps (Ref. 7) on the underside of the Hand Mill (Ref. 1). All the screws, washers and clamps are found inside the small plastic bag at the top of the package. To protect your table, paste the two yellow felts on the underside of your Hand Mill (as shown on the attached diagram). Then secure your Hand Mill on a selected spot (firm table or elsewhere).
2. Attach the handle (Ref. 3) to the rotating millstone (Ref. 2). Then place it on top of the fixed millstone (Ref. 1) with the steel axle going through the centre of the opening on the handle (Ref. 3).
3. Place the steel washer over the steel axle. Screw on the pressure adjustment washer (Ref. 5). Then screw down the locking nut.
MILLING FOR THE FIRST TIME
Put a good hand full of wheat grains into the top of the rotating millstone (Ref. 2), and turn in a clockwise direction, as indicated by the red arrow. When you can feel that the turning has become more difficult the grains have moved between the two millstones. Keep turning several more times then flour will come out of the side of the millstones. If you are not satisfied with the first mill setting, follow the following procedures:
If the mill is too difficult:
Turn the adjustable feed inlet control knob (Ref. 6) in a clockwise direction, i.e. to the right, a half revolution, then try milling again. Through turning the adjustable feed inlet control knob to the right you are reducing the amount of grain being fed into the millstones making it easier to turn. If after this first adjustment the mill is still too hard, turn the adjustable feed inlet control knob still further to the right and through experiment find out exactly which setting suits your physical strength.
If the mill is too easy:
Turn the adjustable feed inlet control knob (Ref. 6) in a anti-clockwise direction, i.e. to the left, a half revolution, then try milling again. Through turning the adjustable feed inlet control knob to the left you are increasing the amount of grain being fed into the millstones making it more difficult to turn. If after this first adjustment the mill is still too easy, turn the adjustable feed inlet control knob still further to the left and through experiment find out exactly which setting suits your physical strength.
If the flour appears to you too fine or too coarse:
For both cases you must now get to know the functioning of the mill a bit better, the upper millstone (Ref. 2) is on a vertical spindle the lower part of which is embedded in the base (Ref. 1). On the upper end of this spindle you will see a round knob and under this a washer. In both of these parts is a steel nut. With the nut and the lower washer you regulate the pressure with which the turning part of the mill (Ref. 2) presses on to the fixed part (Ref. 1). With the upper rounded knob you lock the lower nut in the position chosen. In order to be able to mill finer or coarser flour you must change the pressure.
To make finer flour you firstly need to remove the grains from between the stones otherwise you can’t set the mill finer. To do this, turn the upper millstone at least three revolutions anti-clockwise. By turning backwards the grains are brought away from the edge of the milling surface and back towards the inlet. Now to change to a finer setting, screw the lower washer (Ref. 5) half a revolution clockwise (right) to reduce the distance between the millstones. Then fix it in place by screwing the Locking Nut (Ref. 4) clockwise to tightly meet the lower washer (Ref. 5).
To make coarser flour you need to unscrew the locking nut (Ref. 4) then screw the lower washer (Ref. 5) half a revolution anti-clockwise (left) to increase the distance between the millstones. Then fix it in place by screwing the Locking Nut (Ref. 4) clockwise to tightly meet the lower washer (Ref. 5).
Test your new setting and if it still too coarse or too fine, repeat the above process until you find the setting right for you.
Once you are familiar with handling your Samap Grain Mill you will be able to make oat flakes from huskless oat grains. This setting is found somewhere between coarse and very coarse.
NEVER WASH YOUR MILL
If water gets into grinding faces it will make a sticky paste instead of flour. If this happens by mistake remove both nuts, lift off the upper casting and scrape off any paste. Then place both castings in a warm dry place. After one or two days re-assemble and remember to keep water well away from the mill.
If you use your mill regularly, say several times a week, then about once a month you should grease the needle bearing. To do this remove the lock nut and grist adjustment nuts, lift off the washer. Apply a little bit of bearing grease to needle bearing then reassemble.